What is Urinary Incontinence?
Incontinence occurs if the bladder muscles contract suddenly or when the muscles surrounding the urethra relax suddenly.
During urination, muscles of the bladder wall contract and force urine out of the bladder and into the urethra. At the same time, sphincter muscles surrounding the urethra relax and let urine pass out of the body.
Symptoms of Urinary Incontinence
Continuous pain with pressure is there and it increases as the bladder fills, the pain radiates to the lower body parts such as lower abdomen, lower back, urethra or perineal area.
- It starts with increased urination and the frequency also increases with the progression of interstitial cystitis, the frequency is same in day and night
- Urgency to urinate is the most common symptom and sometimes patient feels the need to urinate even when he/she has urinated
- Sometimes people with urinary incontinence faces issues of urine leakage even during sexual intercourse
Causes of Urinary Incontinence
Urinary incontinence is more common in females than males, it chances of acquiring it increases with age
It can be due to the following:
- Urethral blockage is a major factor leading to overactive bladder
- The immune system attacks the bladder like in the cases of autoimmune conditions
- If there is a defect in urinary bladder due to which the bladder is irritated
- Substances in urine which damages the bladder
- Changes in the blood and nerve supply which carries pain sensation becomes sensitive
Treatment of Urinary Incontinence
- Pelvic floor muscle exercises as directed by your doctor
- Behavioural training to urinate timely
- Medical Devices- consult your doctor for detailed information
- Medicines- they should be taken under medical supervision
- Life style changes as recommended by the doctor
- High fiber and protein rich diet suggested by dietician according to weight and body type
RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital provides complete conservative and surgical treatment for Urinary Incontinence.