What are the best treatment option for prostate cancer?
What Is Prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer is the spread of cancer cells in the gland below the urinary bladder filled with fluid and semen, called the Prostate Gland. It is one of the most seen cancers in men; it grows steadily, especially in men of elder age and those suffering from various health-related problems. However, it may take years to grow and evident enough to detect.
Prostate cancer develops like any other cancer only due to the incomprehensible growth of the cells. Shaddy, malfunction, and mutation of DNA cells cause Prostate Cancer; it may also grow its roots and spread in tissues, bones, and lymph around the affected area.
What Are The Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?
There are negligible traces of prostate cancer in man until and unless it gets severe and the situation is out of the hands. Here’s the list of stumbling blocks that a patient with
Perennial urge to urinate
Round the clock need to pee, especially at night
Difficulty in starting and stopping the urine
Experience of fiery and burning sensation while urinating
Traces of blood in the urine
Transpose in bowel habits
Sudden weight loss
Fatigue and low on energy
Immense pain in the lower back, hip, and thighs; when it gets dreadful.
Several factors lead to prostate cancer, such as old age, family history, unhealthy lifestyle, excess smoking, obesity, consumption of fatty food, lack of vitamin D, etc.
What Are The Types Of Prostate Cancer?
There are a variety of prostate cancer treatments available in India which might be used at different times depending on the situation and health of the patient.
Active Surveillance -
In many cases, prostate cancer originates gradually, and therefore, immediate medical intervention may not be expected. Instead, the vigilant waiting or ready surveillance approach is a fit for prostate cancers, which means the cancer is controlled closely by gripping a tab on the dynamic symptoms and doing routine to determine further treatment.
In case of cancer is still in the prostate gland and has not spread outside. Laparoscopic surgery called radical prostatectomy is performed, in which an entire prostate gland and the tissues around it are removed. It is done to put up with reduced discomfort and faster recovery.
Radiation Therapy -
In this, cancer cells are destroyed with radiations from high-power x-rays and gamma rays. Radiation therapy can be split into external beam radiation and brachytherapy, i.e. internal radiation.
Hormone Therapy -
It is used for restraining the level of male hormones called androgens that may affect prostate cancer cells. It is also known as Androgen Deprivation Therapy or Androgen Suppression Therapy.
In this, drugs are orally given to kill cancer cells and reduce the size of the tumour. This approach is highly effective, especially when it’s high grade.
Sipuleucel-T is a cancer shot given to hoist the body’s immunity to attack the prostate cancer cells. This vaccine is specifically composed for every patient according to the patient depending upon their white blood cells.
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