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ovarian cyst

What is an ovarian cyst & What are the symptoms of ovarian cysts?

 Ovarian cyst is a sag filled with fluid present in the ovary, these are common in women who have regular menstrual. These are generally not cancerous but may cause a lot of bleeding and pain when broken. The most common symptoms of it are:

  • Fever

  • Pain in abdomen and vagina

  • Heavy bleeding

  • Fatigue

  • Restlessness

  • Breathing problem

  • Abdominal bloating

If you face such problems, you need to visit your nearest RG Stone Hospital and consult our experts.

 Causes of ovarian cysts

  • Hormonal problems could be the most common cause of the ovarian cyst. These are generally follicle cysts that go away on their own.

  • PCOS: Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition when an anomalous amount of male sex hormones are released in women, generally these are present in a small number. Due to which the chances of infertility and cysts in women increases and causes a lot of problems.

  • Severe pelvic infection is a condition when the infection spreads to the fallopian tube and ovaries, causing cysts.

  • It also occurs when the lining of the uterus grows beyond the limit. This generally happens during menstrual or sexual encounters. These cysts are very painful and are more problematic. This condition is known as “endometriosis”

 Types of ovarian cysts

The most common types of cysts are functional cysts which are made during the menstrual cycle. These cysts are of two types: 

  • Follicle cysts:

Follicle cysts are also called benign ovarian cysts or functional cysts. In normal menstruation, ovaries release eggs every month, which are grown inside a sag called follicle and it breaks when the egg gets mature but there are some conditions when it doesn’t break even if the egg gets mature. This makes a follicle grow into a cyst. Hence, known as a follicle cyst. These can be of different sizes and don’t have symptoms. These can go away within a period of 03 months and are less problematic. 

  • Corpus luteum cysts:

Corpus luteum cysts are cysts filled with fluid and are caused post-release of egg and in the condition when the follicle doesn’t shrink. These can be as small as a pea and grow up to 10 cm.

These cysts can be an auspicious sign that denotes pregnancy but not the case every time.

 Other types of ovarian cysts that are less common are:

  • Cystadenomas

  • Dermoid

  • Endometriomas

  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Diagnosis & Treatment

Generally, ovarian cysts go away by themselves but regular check-ups and consultations are required. Experts and doctors don’t recommend or suggest the surgery until and unless the cyst is cancerous and in such cases, laparoscopy surgery is done. Treatment may vary depending on the age of the patient and the size of the cyst.

If you face any such issue get in touch with our experts to get best care and treatment.


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