A physician specializing in urinary tract illnesses in both men and women and male reproductive organs. The kidneys, the adrenal glands, ureter, bladder, and urethra, as well as the testes, epididymis, prostate gland, and penis in men, are all the organs that fall under the purview of a urologist. The genitourinary system encompasses all of these organs. Urologists are the experts that look after the urinary tract that creates, stores, and removes urine from the body. Urologists are experts in all aspects of the male reproductive system.
Urology is the field of medicine that deals with the diseases linked to the urinary tract and male reproductive tract. Some urologists address general urinary tract problems, while others focus on a specific type of urology.
1. Pediatric Urology- It is concerned with urology disorders in the genitourinary system in children. The most common problems are related to urination conditions, testes, and reproductive organs.
Prenatal ultrasonography diagnoses urologic problems in babies, and pediatric urologists routinely see prepubescent females with genital difficulties.
2. Female Urology- It is a sub-specialty of urology concerned with diseases affecting a woman’s reproductive and urinary tract. Urinary tract and kidney disorders are more common in women than in men because the urinary tract is significantly closer to the genital area in women. Women’s urologic conditions include:
- Incontinence: Urinary incontinence can be caused by various factors, including urinary tract infections, irritation, or infection in the vagina.
- Pelvic pain: It affects both men and women and can be caused by internal organ problems, conditions, or pain from pelvic bones. In women, pelvic pain refers to a situation in one of the reproductive organs: the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, vagina, and ovaries.
- Sexual dysfunction: Medical conditions like diabetes, heart, and vascular(blood vessel) disease can cause problems with sexual dysfunction. Additional factors that sexual dysfunctions are psychological causes like anxiety, work-related stress, depression, or effects of past sexual trauma.
- Sexually transmitted diseases: Infections transmitted from one person to another by sexual interaction.
- Urinary tract infections(UTIs): It is related to the condition in any part of the system- your ureters, kidney, bladder, and urethra. The disease mainly arises in the bladder ad the urethra.
- Overactive bladder: In this situation, a frequent urge is caused to pee which is uncontrollable.
- Pelvic organ prolapse: It occurs when one or more of the pelvic organs fall from their usual place and bulge into the vagina.
- Interstitial cystitis: It is a persistent ailment that causes bladder pressure, pain, and pelvic pain.
3. Male Infertility- It is a health issue that prohibits a man from conceiving a child with his partner. A variety of factors can cause male infertility. In this case, a man may not produce enough sperm or healthy sperm or have a genetic problem like cystic fibrosis. The treatment includes artificial insemination, medicines, and surgery.
4. Urologic oncology- It is concerned with cancers of the urinary systems, including the bladder, kidneys, prostate, and testicles. Urologic oncology is a subspecialty of urology that focuses on diagnosing and treating tumors of the male and female reproductive organs.
5. Neurourology- It is concerned with urine difficulties caused by neural system disorders. A neurogenic bladder can be caused by the impaired transmission of nerve signals controlling bladder functioning. Your bladder may leak or fail to contain urine if you have this disorder. The following are the conditions that are associated with bladder control problems-
- Multiple sclerosis
- Spinal cord injuries
- Parkinson’s disease
- Spina bifida
The following are the procedures performed by urologists:
1. Imaging tests like CT scans, MRI scans, or ultrasound
2. Taking X-ray images of your bladder
3. Cystoscopy to see inside the bladder and urethra using a thin scope.
4. Urine sample testing for bacteria causing infections
5. Post void residual urine test
6. Urodynamic testing for measuring volume and pressure inside your bladder.
It would be best to look for a Urologist when you face trouble urinating, urine leakage, weak urine flow, frequent urge to urinate, blood in urine, pain or burning sensation while urinating, pain in the lower back, pelvis, or sides.
At RG Stone Hospitals, you can find experienced urologists, both males, and females, to treat the issues accordingly with good patients review. We have a team of experts that evaluate communication styles and help you know your insurance covers.