The enlarged and swollen veins resembling varicose are piles, also known as hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids can appear under the skin around the anus(external hemorrhoids) and inside the rectum (Internal hemorrhoids). The anal canal is the location of hemorrhoids, a collection of inflamed tissues. The pile's issue affects many people, and sometimes the signs may not be immediately apparent. At any age, piles can affect a person. Due to embarrassment, many people who have piles do not seek medical attention, making it difficult to determine the precise prevalence of this problem.
In general, there are two categories of piles-
Internal Piles are present in the rectum but are neither visible nor palpable. Bleeding is the only sign of internal piles. The tissue that juts out from your anal orifice is called internal piles. If you poop, this may cause pain. Usually, they return inside on their own.
Four grades are assigned to the internal piles-
Grade 1: These are tiny hemorrhoids present within the lining of the anus.
Grade 2: These are a little larger than grade 1 hemorrhoids and occur inside the anus.
Grade 3: These are also referred to as prolapsed hemorrhoids. They show up beyond the anus. The patient can force them back by pressing against them with their fingers.
Hemorrhoids of grade 4: cannot be pounded back indefinitely. Therefore, they stay outside the anus all the time. They must be addressed by a doctor, who typically recommends surgery.
External Piles: External piles are in the area beneath your anus, with more pain-sensing nerves. Among the symptoms are aching, itching, bleeding, and swelling. Dilated blood vessels that have grown so enormous that they protrude from the skin are known as external hemorrhoids. The bulging blood vessels may thrombose or form a blood clot.
The following are the symptoms of piles:
- A sense of having a full bowel even after passing a stool.
- Faecal incontinence
- Around the anus is a hard, painful mass or lump filled with coagulated blood.
- Anal fistula
- Redness, itching, and soreness are seen and felt around the area of the anus.
- Visibility of bright red blood right after the bowel movement
- Excessive anal bleeding
- Strangulated hemorrhoids
- Pain while passing stool
RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH HEMORRHOIDS-
Hemorrhoids are more likely to occur as you become older. This is due to the possibility of weakened and stretched tissues in your rectum and anus, which support the veins. Additionally, hemorrhoids develop during pregnancy due to pressure from the growing baby on the anal region. Obesity and long-term constipation can also be
major reasons for hemorrhoids.
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT-
Most of the time, piles don't have any bothersome symptoms, and they sometimes go away on their own or with treatment. However, a medical professional must assess and look into any pain or bleeding. Physical examination and various imaging tests are used to make a diagnosis that entails the causes of bleeding, such as colon cancer. Creams and ointments can be used to treat piles in order to lessen itchiness and discomfort. In some procedures, the lump is prevented from receiving blood by inserting a band at the base of the pile. With this, hemorrhoids may detach and fall off within a week.
RG Stone Hospital is the leading hospital for treating piles with a team of trained professionals. We are dedicated to providing our patients with the finest medical treatment experience and working for their quick recovery. We don't compromise on hygiene and timely medication by our