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What is a uterus?

The uterus is the womb where the unborn child develops and matures. Your uterus creates a thin layer of blood tissue each month as part of the natural cycle to prepare for the baby's growth. The same blood tissues progressively disappear during menstruation when the egg and sperm do not meet. 

Hysterectomy is the medical term for surgery to remove the uterus. It is a multipurpose procedure used to treat a variety of uterus conditions and illnesses. A hysterectomy is done to remove the uterus surgically along with the cervix as well. By having a hysterectomy, you may put an end to the discomfort, unusual bleeding, and urinary and intestinal problems brought on by the infected uterus. A hysterectomy may entail the removal of nearby organs and tissues, including the ovaries and fallopian tubes, depending on the purpose of the entire procedure. The sole disadvantage of a hysterectomy is that it prevents a woman from getting pregnant and bearing children.

Hysterectomy is performed for the following reasons-

?Recurrent uterine polyps and adenomyosis are a few conditions that affect the lining of your uterus.
?Fibroids in the uterus or leiomyomas (noncancerous tumors)
?There is significant menstrual discomfort that is not relieved by any therapeutic option.
?anomalies that might result in cancer in the cervical or uterine lining
?Untreated: increasing pelvic discomfort associated with the uterus.
?irregular or excessive vaginal bleeding
?Uterine prolapse can lead to urinary incontinence and bowel irregularities.

Let us study different kinds of hysterectomy- 

1.Total hysterectomy: the ovaries are left in place while the uterus and cervix are removed.
2.Supracervical hysterectomy: removing only the uterus's top portion while leaving the cervix in place
3.Total hysterectomy with bilingual salpingo-oophorectomy: the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes (salpingectomy), and ovaries (oophorectomy) are removed. Having your ovaries removed will cause menopausal symptoms if you haven't already gone through them.
4.Radical hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: the cervix, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and upper section of the vagina, as well as certain nearby tissues and lymph nodes, are removed. Only in cases when cancer is present is this sort of hysterectomy performed.

Different surgical techniques for hysterectomy

Numerous surgical techniques are used during hysterectomies depending on the surgeon's expertise, the cause of the hysterectomy, and the patient's general health. The two different approaches to surgery are:
?Open surgery hysterectomy: A hysterectomy of the abdomen is an open procedure. The physician makes 5-7 inch long incisions across the belly, either from top to bottom or from side to side, during this treatment. The surgeon removes the uterus through such incisions. After this operation, the incision site has a noticeable scar. 
?A Minimally Invasive Procedure (MIP): A MIP hysterectomy can be performed using a variety of techniques. 
?Laparoscopic hysterectomy: A laparoscope, an instrument comprised of a thin tube with a light camera mounted on it, is used for this procedure. While viewing the procedure on a video screen from outside the patient, the surgeon conducts the hysterectomy.
?Vaginal hysterectomy: The uterus is removed by the surgeon through an incision made in the vagina. Once the operation is over, the incision is sutured shut, leaving no visible scar.
?Laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy: The surgeon uses laparoscopic instruments in the abdomen to help with the evacuation of the uterus through a vaginal incision.
?Robot-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy: The surgeon directs a robotic set of surgical equipment from outside the body, much like a laparoscopic hysterectomy. The procedure is carried out by the surgeon as they see the operation site in three dimensions using their normal wrist motions.

The entire procedure of hysterectomy lasts up to 3 hours. It has no long-term side effects. RG Stone Hospital is the leading hospital for the treatment of uterus removal surgery. Our specialised and skilled surgeons intend to provide you with a hassle-free treatment experience. 

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