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Gall Bladder Stones Treatment

Gall Bladder Stone Laser Treatment / Stone Removal Surgery & Symptoms

Gall Bladder Stone

Gallbladder is a small sac that stores bile juice. Bile juice is a digestive liquid produced by the liver that helps in the breakdown of the dietary fats.  Water is extracted by the gallbladder from its store of bile juice until it becomes highly concentrated.

Biliary calculi or gallbladder stones or gallstones are small stones made from the combination of calcium salts, bile pigment, and cholesterol in the gallbladder. Gallstones are a common digestive system disorder that affects around 12% of the population aged 50 and above. In most cases, gallbladder stones don’t cause any serious problems. However, you may require gall bladder stone treatment if the stones cause complications like block the ducts, infections, or pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas).

If you are looking for a suitable hospital to treat this digestive disorder, RG Stone offers the best gall bladder stone surgery in Delhi. The surgeons perform gallbladder removal procedure known as cholecystectomy if the gall bladder stones are causing any serious problems. The gallbladder is not a fundamental organ; human body can cope without it quite well. 

Signs and Symptoms of Gallstones

In most cases (75%), gallstones show no signs or symptoms. The major symptoms of this disorder may include;

  • If the bile duct becomes contaminated, the affected may experience pain and high fever
  • Vomiting
  • Jaundice
  • Experiencing abdominal pain after consuming a fatty meal
  • Infrequent but severe pain in the back and abdomen
  • Bloating or gaseous distension
  • Flatulent dyspepsia 
  • Pancreatitis

Types of Gallstones

In general, there are three types of gallstones affecting humans.

  1. Pigment stones – the formation of particular pigments in the bile makes the bile juice look greenish-brown in color. Pigment stones are generally small but formed in abundance
  2. Cholesterol stones – cholesterol stones are generally large in size which is capable of blocking the bile ducts. They are made from cholesterol
  3. Mixed stones – mixed stones are the most common types of gallstones that form in our gallbladder. The mixed stones are made up of salts and cholesterol and they tend to develop in batches

Diagnosis of Gallstones

Doctors at RG Stone will perform certain tests for diagnosing gallstones

  • General tests include x-rays and physical examination
  • Ultrasound
  • Hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) scan
  • Endoscope test
  • Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)
  • Urine – microscopy
  • Complete blood count
  • Blood sugar
  • Lipid profile

Gallstones Treatment

Usually, gallstones that show no signs or symptoms don’t require any medical attention. However in certain cases, if you are at high risk of stone complications, the doctors may remove your gallbladder. The treatment is followed considering the location and size of the gallstones. It includes:

  • Gallbladder stones surgery
  • Medications for naturally dissolving the stones. Only prescribed in rare cases as the patient might be exposed to side effects
  • Lithotripsy treatment for breaking down the stones into sand-like particles using sound waves
  • Cholecystectomy – keyhole surgery
  • Laparotomy – open surgery
  • Dietary modifications

Surgical Removal of the Gallbladder Stones

The majority of the affected will require gallbladder stone removal surgery. The doctors may remove the stones from your bile ducts or the entire gallbladder, depend on the infection.

Gall Bladder Stone Removal Surgery Techniques

  1. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy  (Keyhole Surgery) –

In this surgery technique, the surgeon makes small cuts (incisions) through the patient’s skin for accessing a range of tools and instruments. In this keyhole surgery technique, the surgeon uses one of the incisions to remove the gallbladder.

 

  1. Laparotomy (Open Surgery) –

In this surgery technique, the surgeon makes a wide abdominal incision to reach the gallbladder. You may be prone to open surgery if you have scarring due to bleeding disorder or from prior operations.

The doctors prescribe their patients to undergo Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy surgery instead of open surgery due to a number of reasons. Some of them include:

  • You will not be required for a longer hospital stay after the surgery. Maximum 24 hours
  • The blood transfusion required is minimum to negligible
  • Your body will attain no long scars
  • There is less risk of a hernia
  • Quick recovery

If you are patient with heart disease, high blood pressure, and high blood sugar, Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy is recommended



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