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Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary Tract Infections – Signs & Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Urinary Tract Infection

Most Urinary tract infections are caused by micro organism that comes in contact with urinary tract system through your urethra and then the bladder.

It happens when bacteria affects the system which carries urine out of the body -- the kidneys, bladder, and the tubes that interface them.


Risk factors for developing UTIs

Factors that increase the risk of growing UTI include:

  • Having a bladder or kidney infection in the past 10 to 12 months
  • Having diabetes
  • Having sex frequently with new sex partner             


Urinary Tract Infection Types

  • Urethritis – Infection of the urethra
  • Cystitis – Infection of the bladder
  • Pyelonephritis – Infection of the kidneys


Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection

  • Strong and frequent urge to urinate
  • Bloody or dark urine with strong smell
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Pain in lower back or below the ribs
  • Pain in your bladder region
  • Muscle aches and abdominal pains.
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Chills
  • High fever (over 101 degrees fahrenheit)
  • Fatigue


Note: Kidney Infections are dangerous if infection reaches into kidneys and also known as renal infection or pyelonephrittis.


A person having Kidney infection can experience:

  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Goin (lower abdominal) pain
  • Pain in the back


How do I know if child has Urinary tract infection?

In children, following symptoms will be noticed:

  • Fever 
  • Vomiting
  • Irritability or fussiness
  • Less active
  • Stomach pain
  • Back pain
  • Excessive crying that cannot be resolved by typical measures (e.g feeding, holding)


Tips on preventing urinary tract infections

  • Drink 8 to 10 glasses of water a day
  • Don't control, urinate as soon as you feel the need
  • Take showers instead of baths
  • Females should wipe from front to back after urinating
  • Avoid the use of douches or feminine hygiene sprays
  • Warm heating of the abdominal area
  • Loose fitting clothes to promote air circulation


Treatment & Care

At RG Stone Hospital provide you the best care of urinary tract infections patient by our experienced UTI specialist & surgeons.