Obesity is one of the most prevalent medical conditions in India, up to 40.3% of the Indian population is obese, of which morbid obesity is affecting 5% of the population.
Obesity in India is defined as body mass index [BMI: Weight (kg)/ Height (m)2] more than 27.5 kg/m2 (normal BMI is between 18 to 23 kg/m2) and people with BMI more than 32.5 kg/m2 and 37.5 kg/m2 are defined as severely obese and morbidly obese respectively.
Obesity is causing a range of medical disorders of which Type 2 Diabetes is the most common disorder. More than 77 million of the Indian population is diagnosed with diabetes. Obesity when it affects a range of organs is known as the Metabolic Syndrome of Obesity.
Metabolic syndrome includes:
- Having a Large waist circumference: Men >40 inches Women >35 inches
- Increase in blood sugar
- Increased blood pressure
- Increased thirst and urination
- Blurring of vision
- Increased triglyceride level
- Decreased HDL ( good cholesterol )
- Decreased thyroid hormone level
Causes of metabolic syndrome and obesity:
- Poor eating habits
- Zero body movement and exercise
- Consumption of tobacco
- High-calorie diet consumption
- Family history
- Hormonal Changes
- Lack of sleep
- Stress and anxiety
Impact of metabolic syndrome and obesity:
- Type 2 diabetes
- Risk of heart stroke and disease
- Low self-confidence
- Social isolation
- Shame and guilt
Treatment of metabolic syndrome and obesity?
Obesity can be managed by lifestyle modification, healthy eating, and exercise, but sometimes that isn’t enough. When obesity is life-threatening, simple measures themselves cannot be relied upon.
Bariatric surgery or weight loss surgery or metabolic surgery is a lifestyle modification surgery that helps in reducing weight. It has an effect on glucose control and other metabolic problems and is seen soon after the procedure and there is a significant reduction in weight as well.
Our team of trained doctors, nurses, dieticians will take over and help you achieve your healthy weight goal and ensure continued monitoring, care and support to sustain a healthy lifestyle.