Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Stone
Kidney stones can cause unimaginable pain. The patient may not even know that he/she is affected by kidney stones until it begins to move down the ureters. It causes massive pain and it is termed as renal colic. You may complain about having painful sensations on the abdomen or one side of your back.
In men, the pain may spread to the groin area. Renal colic is something that can happen anytime and anywhere and it can last for few minutes or even hours. That is, the pain comes and goes, but does not stick for long.
Other symptoms to look for –
- Urinating small amounts of urine
- The urge to urinate all the time
- High fever
- Foul-smelled or discolored urine
- Pain while urinating
- Urinary tract infection
- Blood in urine (brown, pink, or red urine)
In case of small stones, you will not feel any kind of discomfort, symptoms or pain as the stones get easily passed through your urinary tract when you urinate.
Why Kidney Stones are Considered Dangerous?
The worst thing about kidney stones is that they don’t always continue growing in the kidneys. Certain implications can lead the stones to pass from your kidneys into other urinary tract organs like the ureters. Ureters are delicate small tubes connecting kidney and bladder and the stone may find it difficult to pass slickly down to the bladder. If the stones are big, they can cause irritation and spasms of the ureters. You may even experience the appearance of blood in your urine. Hence, you will probably require a kidney stone surgery.
Diagnosing and Testing Kidney Stones
The doctors at RG Stone will diagnose the symptoms first and then provide the best possible treatment for kidney stones. If the doctor suspects any signs of kidney stones, he/she will carry out the following diagnostic tests and procedures.
- Blood tests for electrolytes, uric acid, phosphorus, and calcium
- Urinalysis to check for white cells, blood, bacteria, and crystals
- Creatinine and Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) for assessing the kidney functioning
- Examining the passed stones for determining their types
Image testing via simple abdominal x-rays, Ultrasound, CT scans, etc.
Kidney Stone Treatment Without Surgery
If diagnosed early and the doctors find it not alarming he/she will prescribe you ways to kidney stone removal without surgery. As said earlier, the doctors at RG Stone examine the criticality of the patient and then offer the right treatment plan. If your stones are in the stage that it can be dissolved naturally or passed down easily, the doctors will prescribe you some natural yet effective ways for stone removal.
Kidney stone laser treatment
Another effective way to remove kidney stones without surgery is by performing laser operation for kidney stone. RG Stone has an experienced team of Urologists and staff, who can guarantee the best laser operation for stone.
RG Stone – the Best hospital for kidney stone practices the following kidney stone treatment;
Ureterorenoscopic Lithotripsy with Holmium Laser
The patient is given spinal anesthesia to treat the stones located in the ureter. The doctors use a fiberoptic instrument known as the ureteroscope. This device is passed into the ureter where the stones are located. It projects a small beam of 100-watt holmium laser at the stones, breaking it into sand-like particles. These small grains of sand like particles are flushed out through the natural urinary passage.
Percutaneous Nephrostolithotomy (PCNL)
This laser therapy for kidney removal requires a small incision to be made on the skin in order to insert the device into your body where the stones are located. It uses a mechanical lithotripter that breaks the stones into fine particles that are taken out with help of forceps. This procedure requires proper medical attention and hence, the patient is hospitalized for 2-3 days.
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)
This procedure uses electromagnetic waves for crushing the kidney stones into small grain like particles. This procedure is effective as its highly focused electromagnetic waves can crush stones present in the kidney without any cut and without entering the body.